Friday, March 24, 2017

8.1 President Truman and The Cold War

The Cold War: The Spread of Communism and The Truman Doctrine

The Americans, Chapter 18 
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The Truman Doctrine is noted as the American policy of ‘containment’ –  President Truman's 1947 speech is sometimes called ‘Truman’s containment speech’   In this respect, the most famous passage from Truman’s speech has become:



Directions: Read the famous quote from the 1947 Truman Speech and then answer the following questions. Post your answers.

1.What does containment imply?


2. Recall your reading about the Cold War from the textbook. Why was communism considered a threat to the freedoms of the U.S. and the world? 
3. Why did the Soviet Union set up the Berlin blockade around Eastern Germany?
4.What was the main goal of the Truman Doctrine in respect to the threat of the spread of communism?

Monday, March 6, 2017

7.4 Study Guide - Preparing for the Final

U.S. HISTORY FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Your finals are on June 6th from 10:00-2:00. You may complete and submit this study guide prior to taking your final for up to 10 extra credit points. You may prepare one sheet of handwritten notes to use during the test. The final exam will give you an opportunity to show your mastery of skills that you have been practicing throughout the semester. Use this forum to study with your classmates. Review our discussion board posts. Each weekly post was intended to help you practice the skills listed on your study guide.  Complete and turn-in the attached study guide for up to 10 extra credit point the day of testing. The following are some key areas that you can expect to see on the exam

Directions: Review the study guide. Choose a chapter listed below. Select 3 sections from the chapter. Explain the 3 sections and post on the discussion board. Comment on another student's post. 

U.S. HISTORY FINAL STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTERS 14-26

Chapter 14 – The Great Depression Begins
Section 1
Describe the causes of the stock market crash and the Great Depression.
Explain how the Great Depression affected the economy in the U.S. and throughout the world.
Section 2
Describe the effect of the Great Depression on people’s lives, including the effects of the Dust Bowl.
Section 3
Explain Hoover’s initial response to the Depression.
Summarize the actions Hoover took to help the economy and the hardship suffered by Americans.

Chapter 15 – The New Deal
Section 1
Summarize the initial steps Roosevelt took to reform banking and finance.
Describe New Deal work programs.
Describe the reaction of the Supreme Court to New Deal programs and how Roosevelt proposed to reorganize the Supreme Court.
Section 2
Describe the purpose of the Second New Deal.
Summarize the New Deal programs for farmers, youths and workers.
Section 3
Describe the New Deal coalition.
Section 4
Describe the entertainment provided by motion pictures and radio.
Section 5
Summarize the legacies of the New Deal.

Chapter 16 – World War Looms
Section 1
Describe America’s turn to isolationism in the 1930’s.
Section 2
Explain how Britain and France responded to Hitler’s expansions.
Summarize the first battles of World War II.
Section 3
Summarize the Nazi’s persecution of the Jews and their “final solution.”
Section 4
Describe the U.S. response to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939.
Explain how Roosevelt assisted the Allies without declaring war.
Summarize the events that brought the U.S. into armed contact with Germany.
Describe the American response to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Chapter 17 – The United States in World War II
Section 1
Explain how the U.S. expanded its armed forces and wartime production.
Summarize the efforts of the U.S. government to control the economy.
Section 2
Summarize the Allies’ plan for winning the war.
Explain the importance of D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge.
Section 3
Identify key turning points in the war of the Pacific.
Explain the development of the atomic bomb and debates about its use.
Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in rebuilding peace.
Section 4
Describe the economic and social changes that reshaped American life during World War II.
Describe the discrimination that minorities faced and the internment of Japanese Americans.

Chapter 18 – Cold War Conflicts
Section 1
Explain the growing tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union after World War II.
Explain the goals of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan.
Describe the conflicts over Germany.
Section 2
Explain the U.S. reaction to China becoming a communist country.
Summarize the events of the Korean War.
Section 3
Describe efforts to investigate the loyalty of U.S. citizens, and the tactics of Joseph McCarthy.
Summarize the spy cases of Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs.
Section 4
Explain the policy of brinkmanship.
Describe American and Soviet actions that caused the Cold War to spread around the world.
Summarize the impact of Sputnik and the U-2 incident on the United States.

Chapter 19 – The Postwar Boom
Section 1
Identify economic and social problems Americans faced after World War II.
Describe Truman’s support for civil rights.
Contrast domestic policies of Truman and Eisenhower.
Section 2
Explain how changes in business affected workers.
Describe the suburban lifestyle of the 1950s.
Identify causes and effects of the boom in the automobile industry.
Explain the increase in consumerism in the 1950s.
Section 3
Explain the effects of the growth of television.
Section 4
Explain how the white migration to the suburbs created an urban crisis.

Chapter 20 – The New Frontier and the Great Society
Section 1
Describe the new military policy of the Kennedy administration.
Summarize the crises that developed over Cuba.
Summarize the crisis over Berlin.
Section 2
Summarize the New Frontier domestic and foreign agendas.
Describe the chain of events surrounding Kennedy’s assassination.
Section 3
Summarize the goals of Johnson’s Great Society, including the Immigration Act of 1965.
Identify the reforms of the Warren Court.
Summarize the impact of the Great Society.

Chapter 21 – Civil Rights
Section 1
Explain how legalized segregation deprived African Americans of their rights as citizens.
Summarize civil rights legal activity and the response to the Plessy v Ferguson andBrown v. Board of Education cases.
Trace Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s civil rights activities, beginning with the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Describe the expansion of the civil rights movement.
Section 2
Identify the goal of the freedom riders.
Indentify the motives of the 1963 March on Washington.
Explain the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Section 3
Compare segregation in the North with segregation in the South.
Identify the leaders who shaped the Black Power movement.
Describe the reaction to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Summarize the accomplishments of the civil rights movement.

Chapter 22 – The Vietnam War Years
Section 1
Summarize America’s reasons for supporting France in Vietnam, including the domino theory.
Explain how the United States became involved in the Vietnam conflict.
Section 2
Explain the reasons for the escalation of U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
Section 3
Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working-class war.
Describe the antiwar movement and the growing divisions in U.S. public opinion about the war.
Section 4
Describe the Tet offensive and its effect on the American public.
Explain the domestic turbulence of 1968.

Section 5
Describe Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization.
Explain the public’s reaction to the Vietnam War during Nixon’s presidency.
Describe the end of U.S. involvement and the final outcome in Vietnam.
Explain the war’s legacy and the reason for the War Powers Act.

Chapter 23 – An Era of Social Change
Section 1
Summarize the efforts of Latinos to secure civil rights and better treatment, including the work of Cesar Chavez.
Explain the efforts of Native Americans to secure reforms in government policies.
Section 2
Describe some of the early gains and losses of the women’s movement.
Section 3
Summarize the counterculture and its impact on society.

Chapter 24 – An Age of Limits
Section 1
Summarize Nixon’s plans to lead the nation on a more conservative course.
Explain Nixon’s southern strategy.
Describe the steps Nixon took to battle stagflation.
Summarize Nixon’s foreign policy approach and explain the importance of his visits to China and the Soviet Union.
Section 2
Summarize the Watergate scandal.
Explain the effects of Watergate.
Section 3
Summarize Ford’s efforts to confront economic problems and handle foreign policy.
Summarize Jimmy Carter’s approach to solving economic problems.
Summarize Carter’s achievements and failures in foreign policy matters.
Section 4
Identify key environment issues of the 1970s.

Chapter 25 – The Conservative Tide
Section 1
Identify the goals of the conservative movement.
Section 2
Summarize Reagan’s economic programs.
Section 3
Summarize national concerns about health, education, and urban problems.
Section 4
Identify changes in the Communist world that ended the Cold War.
Summarize U.S. actions taken to influence Central American and Caribbean affairs.
Explain U.S. Involvement in the Persian Gulf War.

Chapter 26 – The United States in Today’s World
Section 1
Describe Clinton’s stand on domestic issues.
Describe Clinton’s approach to foreign policy.
Describe the first months of the Bush administration.
Section 2
Describe changes resulting from a global economy.
Section 3
Summarize the growth of communications and scientific advances.
Section 4
Identify causes of urban flight.
Explain the impact of the aging of America.
Describe changing migration patterns and immigration policies

7.3 Photojournalism and the War in the Pacific

The War In the Pacific: Through the Lens of Photojournalism 


 The Americans Chapter 17 

"USS Shaw(ddd-373) exploding during the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor."
"USS Shaw (DD-373) exploding during the JapaneJapanese raid on Pearl Harbor." 
By an unknown photographer, December 7, 1941
National Archives and Records Administration, General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798-1947 
(80-G-16871) 
The raid on Pearl Harbor destroyed the bulk of the U.S. fleet. After Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. joined the war.

Marines Raise Second Flag On Iwo Jima
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is a historic photograph taken on February 23, 1945, by Joe Rosenthal.

On February  19, 1945, the war in Europe was drawing to an end, however in the Pacific one of the fiercest World War II battle's began. The island was desolate although heavily guarded with nearly 30,000 Japanese troops entrenched in tunnels. On that day 70,000 marines converged on the tiny island. Four days later they had captured Mount Suribachi, the island's highest landmark, and six marines were sent to place a large American flag atop of the hill . Joe Rosenthal captured the image which would in the thoughts of many Americans , replace the image of the gloomy, blurred photos of Pearl Harbor going up in smoke and flames.

Directions: After viewing the images of the attack at Pearl Harbor (1941) and "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima" (1945), read, and post your answers to the following questions:
1. What action is taking place in the Bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941? Imagine you are  in the year 1941 when the event took place. What adjectives would describe your emotions related to the event? How would you feel about your country during this time?
2. Describe the character and setting of the "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima." What human qualities of events do you think Rosenthal's 1945 photograph symbolizes? Describe  your emotions related to the event after viewing the picture? What thoughts would you have regarding your country?
3. Explain what the cause of the bombing of Pearl Harbor was and what affect did it have on the war?
5. Why were the Pacific Islands considered desirable and valuable to capture and govern during World War II?

Monday, February 27, 2017

Month 7.2, Chapter 16 and 17: Battle of the Bulge

Battle of the Bulge: Hitler's Last Gamble



Image result for battle of the bulge images
Allies lay in  wait to defend prepared for the Battle of the Bulge

Directions: Watch the following clips. Answer the questions below. Post your answers.

Still curious? Learn more about the mindset of the German Nazi Army and the response of the American forces as told by actual veterans and historians of the battle through this informative video:


Answer and post the following questions: 
1. Explain why the Battle of the Bulge is considered the last major offensive of the Nazi Army. 
2. Explain the strategy the Germans used related to the season, weather and terrain to gain superiority in the offensive of the Battle of the Bulge?
3. Why was it so important for the Nazi Army to win during this late stage of the war?
4. Describe how the Battle of the Bulge and the participation of the American Army hindered the Nazi attempt to overtake all of Europe.

Thursday, February 2, 2017

Month 7.1: Ch 17 WW2 and the Economy

Word War II and the Economy: Combating Wartime Inflation

dividing bar

War Bonds for the War Effort
War is expensive. World War II was very expensive. The United States spent more than $300 billion fighting the Axis Powers and supplying our Allies—that equals more than $4 trillion today! To help fund this effort, the government turned to ordinary Americans. The United States Treasury offered Americans a series of War Bonds they could purchase during the war. A War Bond was both an investment in one’s country and an investment in one’s own financial future. Here’s how it worked:
You could purchase a $25 War Bond for $18.75. The government would take that money to help pay for tanks, planes, ships, uniforms, weapons, medicine, food, and everything else the military needed to fight and win. That’s the investment in your country. Ten years from the time you purchased your War Bond you could redeem it and get $25. That’s the investment you made in your own financial future. Now, $6.25 may not sound like a lot, but most Americans bought more than just $18.75 worth of War Bonds.
Everywhere they went Americans were encouraged to help support the war effort by purchasing War Bonds. Posters picturing Uncle Sam or a soldier on the battlefield implored people to do they part. Celebrities like Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra, Bette Davis, and Marlene Dietrich, traveled the country putting on live shows or radio programs promoting War Bond sales. Children did their part, too, purchasing .25¢ War Stamps to paste into War Bond booklets. Schools held their own War Bond drives and students would bring in nickels, dimes, and quarters to see if their school could out-raise other schools. Even Superman, Batman, Bugs Bunny, and other cartoon characters got into the spirit, reminding young people that “we’re all in this together.”
Downloaded from: http://www.nationalww2museum.org/ (Feb. 2, 2017)





Dr. Seuss's World War II Political Propaganda Cartoons | Brain Pickings:
Directions: 
1. Search for an image of a World War II War Bond Poster, be sure to site the web page from which you downloaded the image.
2. Select a poster that appeals to you.
3. Copy the image of the War Bonds Poster and paste it to your post.
4. In 100 words or more: 
1.) Analyse the significance of War Bonds during World War II include how both the title of the poster and the image depicted in the poster would summon citizens to pariticpate in the purchase of war bonds and benefit the war effort.
2.) Describe how the War Bonds were intended to impact the economy as well as the impart a social message regarding the war. 


WWII Posters: Uncle Sam - Buy War Bonds!







Photo of Vintage WWII Bonds Poster via http://www.war-stories.com/war-posters-wwii-1.htm

Month 6 Week 4: Ch 16 sections 1-3 Isolationism and WW2

World War Looms: Isolationism and Dictators


Directions: Read the following article and refer back to your textbook Chapter 16 sections 1-3. Then answer questions below. Post your answer. Respond to a classmate's post. 

Downloaded from the following source:www.ushistory.org 


1930s Isolationism

U.S. Marines in the Caribbean, 1913
Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Good Neighbor Policy" was instituted to foster good relations from other countries within the same hemisphere. As a result, Marines stationed in the Caribbean — like those seen here — were withdrawn.
"Leave me alone," seemed to be America's attitude toward the rest of the world in the 1930s.
At the dawn of the '30s, foreign policy was not a burning issue for the average American. The stock market had just crashed and each passing month brought greater and greater hardships. American involvement with Europe had brought war in 1917 and unpaid debt throughout the 1920s. Having grown weary with the course of world events, citizens were convinced the most important issues to be tackled were domestic. Foreign policy leaders of the 1930s once again led the country down its well-traveled path of isolationism.
The Hoover Administration set the tone for an isolationist foreign policy with the Hawley-Smoot Tariff. Trade often dominated international relations and the protective wall of the tariff left little to discuss. The Far East became an area of concern when the Japanese government ordered an attack on CHINESE MANCHURIA. This invasion was a clear violation of the NINE POWER TREATY, which prohibited nations from carving a special sphere of influence in China.
East Asia, 1903
Political boundaries in East Asia, seen here at the turn of the century, were increasingly challenged in the years leading up to World War II.
The Hoover Administration knew that any harsh action against JAPAN would be unpopular in the midst of the Great Depression. The official American response was the STIMSON DOCTRINE, which refused to recognize any territory illegally occupied by Japan. As meek as this may sound, it went further toward condemning Japan than the government of Great Britain was willing to do.
One possibility for international economic cooperation failed at the LONDON CONFERENCE OF 1933. Leaders of European nations hoped to increase trade and stabilize international currencies. Roosevelt sent a "BOMBSHELL MESSAGE" to the conference refusing any attempt to tie the American dollar to a gold standard. The conference dissolved with European delegates miffed at the lack of cooperation by the United States.
Roosevelt did realize that the Hawley-Smoot Tariff was forestalling American economic recovery. Toward this end, Congress did act to make United States trade policy more flexible. Under the Reciprocal Trade Agreement of 1934, Congress authorized the President to negotiate tariff rates with individual nations. Should a nation agree to reduce its barriers to trade with the United States, the President could reciprocate without the consent of Congress. In addition, FDR broke a 16-year-old diplomatic freeze with the SOVIET UNION by extending formal recognition. Roosevelt hoped to settle some nettlesome outstanding issues with the Soviets, and at the same time stimulate bilateral trade.
Japanese tank in Shanghai, 1932
The Japanese attack on Chinese Manchuria was in direct violation of the Nine Powers Treaty, which had been passed to prevent nations from establishing a special sphere of influence in China. Here a Japanese tank rolls through Shanghai, China.
Isolationists did not however designate the Western Hemisphere as a dangerous region. On the contrary, as tensions grew in Europe and Asia, a strong sense of PAN-AMERICANISM swept the diplomatic circles. In the face of overseas adversity, strong hemispheric solidarity was attractive. To foster better relations with the nations to the south, Roosevelt declared a bold new GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICY. Marines stationed in Central America and the Caribbean were withdrawn. The (Theodore) ROOSEVELT COROLLARY, which proclaimed the right of the United States to intervene in Latin American affairs was renounced.
The United States would soon been intervening in something much bigger.


AUTHORushistory.org
TITLE OF PAGE1930s Isolationism
TITLE OF PROGRAMU.S. History Online Textbook
URL OF PAGEhttp://www.ushistory.org/us/50a.asp
DATE OF ACCESSThursday, February 02, 2017
COPYRIGHT2017



  1.  Why did American's turn to isolationism in the the 1930's. 
  2. How would you accurately describe Roosevelt's feeling toward joining the war in Europe against Germany and Italy?
  3. Dictators in the 1930's threatened world peace. Name the Dictators who lead the following countries in the 1930's: 
  • 1. Germany
  • 2. Italy
  • 3. Spain
  • 4. Japan
5.  At the start of World War II, which country was Hitler's first target? and why?

6. What did France and Britain do in a policy of appeasement?

7.  How were Britain and France eventually drawn into the war with Germany?