Sunday, December 16, 2018

Month 5 week 2: Midterm Key Terms Review

Midterm Key Terms Review:

Midterms are on Tuesday 1/14/19. 
Directions: Please find below key terms to define and to review for the final. Look up the key term in your text book, read, define and study for the final. Post the definition to 5 key terms. Do not copy the same terms another student defines. To earn credit your answer must be in your own words and it must be a term not used by another student. 
  • the role of the  Enlightenment and the rise of democratic ideas (John Locke, Natural Rights) 
  •  moral, social and political impact of the Puritans 
  • Mercantilism
  • Constitutional Convention of 1787 (state authority verses federal authority, federalists, antifederalists,)
  • philosophy of government described in the Declaration of Independence
  • The goal of the Bill of Rights
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Madison
  • the goal of judicial review
  • Significance of key court case Marbury vs. Madison
  • Nullification Crisis
  • Purpose and Effects of the Open Door policy
  • Describe the purpose of the Spanish-American War and how it affected U.S. expansion into South Pacific
  • The effect of the Civil War on U.S. industry in the north compared to the south
  • Civil Rights attitudes in the South after the Civil War
  • Civil Rights through court cases and policies (Dred Scott, Plessy vs. Ferguson)
  • The significance of the Second Great Awakening
  • The Homestead Act
  • The Dawes Act
  • Populism
  • Progressives activities and political programs  (Hiram Johnson, Theodore Rooselvelt, The Sixteenth Amendment)
  • Social Darwinism
  • Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Americanization Movement
  • Teddy Rooselvelt's foreign policy
  • Emergency Quota Acts of 1921
  • Sedition Acts
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Scopes Trial
  • Jim Crow Laws
  • Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Gilded Age 

Friday, December 14, 2018

Monthe 5 Week 1: Bill of Rights

It's That Time of Year!

Image result for richard nixon christmas imageRelated image

As Americans, we aren't just celebrating the holiday season. Today, 12/15, is the Bill of Rights birthday! In celebration of its 226th anniversary, at the National Archives Institute, they have created this festive quiz that tests your knowledge of America's first ten Amendments.  If you want to review the Amendments before you take the quiz take a look below. Then go on and TAKE THE QUIZ

Directions: Review the Bill of Rights in your textbook or in the document below. Take the Bill of Rights Quiz. Answer the questions below. Post your answers.

Dec. 15, 1791. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution -- The Bill of Rights -- went into effect after ratification by Virginia.


  1. After taking the quiz and submitting your answers, what was your score?
  2. Chose 4 articles you were not very familiar with, name each one and describe each one. 
  3. Describe the form of government established by the Constitution.
    Explain the debates over the ratification of the Constitution.
    Explain the Bill of Rights and why they were added.

Study Guide and Finals information

Gearing Up For Your U.S. History Midterm:

Save the date for midterms/final 
The early bird gets the worm.....


U.S. History  Midterm Study Guide

  • Before the midterm, turn in the completed study guide handwritten and online  textbook chapter quizzes. (the quizzes will help you master and review the material)
  • The test has 40 Multiple choice questions

                               Text: The Americans, published by McDougal Littel


Chapter 1 – Exploration and the Colonial Era
Section 1
Identify the different cultures that have interacted to help create the present-day culture of the United States.
Section 2
Explain the impact of Spanish exploration on Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans.
Section 3
Describe the goals of the English settlement at Jamestown.
Identify the motives that led Puritans to New England and the colonies they founded.
Explain the economic relationship between England and its North American colonies.
Section 4
Explain the influence of Enlightenment thinkers on the founding fathers.
Explain the influence of the Great Awakening on the colonists.
Explain the cause of the French and Indian War and the consequences of the war for the French and British.

Chapter 2 – Revolution and the Early Republic
Section 1
Summarize the ideas behind the American Revolution.
Explain the influence of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense.
Explain the reasons for which the colonists declared independence and identify the Enlightenment thinkers/ideas that influence the Declaration of Independence.
Section 2
Identify the factors that helped the colonists to win the war.
Describe the symbolic value of the Revolution.
Section 3
Describe the political and economic problems faced by the Confederation.
Explain the conflicts and compromise reached in creating the new Constitution.
Describe the form of government established by the Constitution.
Explain the debates over the ratification of the Constitution.
Explain the Bill of Rights and why they were added.
Section 4
Identify key steps taken in creating a new government.
Describe the differing political views that emerged in the new government.
Identify challenges faced by the new government.

Chapter 3 – The Growth of a Young Nation
Section 1
Explain how Thomas Jefferson simplified the government.
Explain judicial review and identify the Supreme Court case/chief justice that established judicial review.
Explain the importance of the Louisiana Purchase.
Explain the causes and consequences of the War of 1812.
Summarize the ways in which nationalism shaped American foreign policy.
Section 2
Describe the regional economic differences in the early United States.
Summarize tensions between national and sectional interests.
Explain how Jackson helped to expand democracy and change politics.
Describe the causes and consequences of the Nullification Crisis.
Describe Jackson’s opposition to the National Bank.
Section 3
Summarize the reasons settlers headed west.
Describe Texas settlement, struggle for independence, and annexation.
Explain the causes and consequences of the War with Mexico.
Section 4
Describe the impact of new markets, entrepreneurs, and inventions on the 19th century American economy.
Explain the ways in which workplaces changed during the market revolution.
Summarize the efforts of workers to improve their economic security.
Section 5
Describe the spiritual awakening movements that inspired reform movements.
Describe the abolitionist movement.
Describe the role that women played in 19th century reform movements.

Chapter 4 – The Union in Peril
Section 1
Explain how California’s request for statehood caused a crisis, and how the Compromise of 1850 settled it.
Describe the operation of the Underground Railroad and other forms of protest against slavery.
Explain the political conditions that gave rise to the Republican Party and divided the Whigs.
Explain the Dred Scott decision and why it was so important in the slavery conflict.
Explain how Lincoln’s election resulted in secession.
Section 2
Identify the strengths of both sides at the beginning of the Civil War.
Identify the impact of the Emancipation Proclamation.
Explain the effect of the war on regional economies.
Section 3
Identify the political and economic changes caused by the Civil War.
Explain how the Thirteenth Amendment affected the lives of slaves.
Section 4
Describe the various Reconstruction plans and their political consequences.
Describe how Reconstruction affected life in the South for white Southerners and former slaves.
Explain the reasons for the end of Reconstruction.

Chapter 5 – Changes on the Western Frontier
Section 1
Explain why settlers continued to move westward.
Indentify restrictions imposed by the government on Native Americans and describe the consequences.
Explain the Dawes Act and the goal it sought to achieve.
Explain the causes and consequences of the Battle of Wounded Knee.
Trace the development of the cattle industry.
Section 2
Explain the rapid settlement of the Great Plains due to homesteading and the transcontinental railroad.
Describe how the early settlers survived on the plains and transformed them into profitable farm land.
Section 3
Identify the problems farmers faced and their cooperative efforts to solve them.
Explain the rise and fall of the Populist Party.

Chapter 6 – A New Industrial Age
Section 1
Explain how natural resources fueled industrialization.
Explain how new inventions changed American business and people’s lives at home and work.
Section 2
Identify the positive and negative effects of railroads on the nation’s economy.
Explain the reasons why farmers were angry at railroad companies and explain the reforms that came around as a result.
Section 3
Identify management and business strategies that contributed to the success of business tycoons such as Andrew Carnegie.
Explain Social Darwinism and its effect on society.
Explain the Sherman Antitrust Act and its effectiveness.
Trace the emergence of labor unions and identify the two major types of unions that developed.
Identify the reasons for the various strikes during the late 19th century.
Explain management and government reaction to union activity.

Chapter 7 – Immigrants and Urbanization
Section 1
Identify the various countries that immigrants traveled from and their reasons for coming to the United States.
Define nativism.
Explain anti-immigration actions (Chinese Exclusion Act, Gentleman’s Agreement).
Section 2
Explain why many immigrants settled in the nation’s cities.
Explain the goals of the Americanization movement.
Explain why a number of Americans moved from rural areas to the cities.
Describe the housing problems and other difficulties that immigrants and poor residents encountered.
Describe the Social gospel movement and the help that reformers offered.
Section 3
Explain the role of political machines and political bosses.
Describe the means which many political machines used to maintain power, including the actions of the Tweed Ring.
Describe the consequences of the patronage system and identify reforms made by Presidents Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur.
Explain the positions taken by presidents Cleveland, Harrison, and McKinley on the tariff issue.

Chapter 8 – Science and Urban Life
Section 1
Describe how engineering innovations and urban planning helped improve city life at the turn-of-the-20th century.
Explain the effect of new technologies on communication and transportation.
Section 2
Explain the reasons for the expansion and improvement of public education.
Explain how educational experiences differed for African-Americans and immigrants.
Section 3
Describe the voting restrictions and Jim Crow laws that restricted the rights of African-Americans in the south.
Explain the significance of the Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson.
Summarize turn-of-the-20th-century race relations in the North and the South.
Identify discrimination against minorities in the American West.
Section 4
Describe turn-of-the-20th-century mass culture, including leisure activities, newspapers, fine arts, and literature.
Describe innovations in marketing and advertising.

Chapter 9 – The Progressive Era
Section 1
Explain the four goals of progressivism.
Identify efforts to clean up government, protect workers, and reform elections.
Explain the role of muckrakers.
Section 2
Describe the growing presence of women in the workplace at the turn of the 20th century.
Identify leaders of the woman suffrage movement.
Explain the strategies of the woman suffrage movement.
Section 3
Explain how Roosevelt used the power of the presidency to regulate business.
Identify laws passed to protect public health and the environment.
Summarize Roosevelt’s stand on civil rights.
Section 4
Summarize the events of the Taft presidency.
Explain the division in the Republican Party.
Section 5
Explain the two key antitrust measures, the Clayton Antitrust Act and the Federal Trade commission Act.
Explain how the lowering of the tariff and the introduction of the income tax were related.
Identify the provisions of the Sixteenth Amendment.
Describe Wilson’s banking reforms.
Explain how women finally won the vote.
Identify the 19th Amendment.
Explain the limits of Wilson’s progressivism.

Chapter 10 – America Claims an Empire
Section 1
Define imperialism.
Identify the major factors that contributed to the growth of American imperialism.
Explain how the U.S. acquired Alaska and Hawaii.
Section 2
Explain why some Americans supported Spanish control of Cuba and why others sympathized with the rebels.
Describe the factors that escalated the conflict between the United States and Spain.
Describe the consequences of the war for Spain and the U.S.
Explain why the Treaty of Paris causes debate among Americans.
Section 3
Describe U.S. involvement in Puerto Rico and the U.S.
Identify causes and effects of the Philippine-American War.
Explain the purpose of the Open Door policy in China.
Section 4
Explain the events that led to the building of the Panama Canal.
Explain the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
Explain William Taft’s dollar diplomacy.
Explain Wilson’s “missionary diplomacy.”

Chapter 11- The First World War
Section 1
Summarize the divided U.S. public opinion about the war.
Explain why the United States entered the war.
Section 2
Describe how the United States raised an army and increased ship production during World War I.
Section 3
Explain why the War Industries Board was established.
Explain how the war affected the U.S. economy.
Explain how the government financed and built support for the war.
Describe the anti-immigrant hysteria and how the Espionage and Sedition Acts affected civil liberties.
Summarize the social changes that affected African-Americans and women.
Section 4
Summarize Wilson’s Fourteen Points and explain why the Allies rejected Wilson’s plan.
Describe the Treaty of Versailles and summarize the opposition to the treaty.
Explain how the war affected U.S. power and prestige in the world.

Chapter 12 – Politics of the Roaring Twenties
Section 1
Explain how Americans reacted to the perceived threat of communism.
Explain how anti-immigration sentiment strengthened the Ku Klux Klan’s attack on ethnic and religious minorities.
Describe the quota system and its impact.
Explain why labor conflicts increased after the war and why labor union membership declined.
Section 2
Explain Harding’s attitude towards the reforms of the Progressive Era?
Identify scandals that plagued the Harding administration.
Section 3
Describe the impact of the automobile and other new products on American life.
Explain ways in which the country’s prosperity was superficial.

Chapter 13 – The Roaring Life of the 1920s
Section 1
Describe life in the nation’s cities during the 1920s.
Explain the causes and effects of Prohibition (18th Amendment).
Describe the clash between religion and science and explain the main issue of the Scopes Trial.
Section 2
Explain the causes and effects of the changing role of women in the 1920s.
Section 3
Describe the popular culture of the 1920s.
Section 4
Explain why many African Americans migrated to Northern cities in the early 1900s.
Describe ways that African-American leaders proposed to combat discrimination and violence.
Describe the Harlem Renaissance.

Monday, December 10, 2018

4.4 Review- How a Bill Becomes Law Ch 12

I realize the chapter addressed in this blog is out of sequence with the previous chapters covered in the discussion board; however, the material is still very important to your success as a voting citizen. This is also a review for concepts that are covered on the final. Please note your responses will not post immediately due to plagiarizing. 
Mrs. Bernstein

Chapter 12 

Congress in Action: How a Bill Becomes A Law

Directions: Please refer to your textbook chapter 12 sections 3 and 4, and view the website How a Bill becomes a law
Then answer the following questions. Note the following questions are taken from the Government Final study guide that is posted on the discussion board. 
1.Identify the types of bills and resolutions that can be introduced.
2.Explain what happens to a bill once it is referred to a committee.
3.Explain how House leaders schedule debate on a bill.
4. Explain happens to a bill on the House floor, and what is the final step in the passage of a bill in the House.
5.Explain how a bill is introduced in the Senate.
7. Go to the Congress.Gov examine the bills that have been introduced into Congress. Describe the bill, the name of the bill and  the purpose of the bill. 

Month 4 week 4: Chapter 13

The 1920's 
The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century, chapter 13.

Directions:  What other invention in American history has singularly affected 20th century life like the automobile? The economic and social impact were felt at a revolutionary scale. Watch the following video, visit the following website and answer the questions below. Post your answers, comment on another student's post. 

The automobile had a significant impact on the American Life.


  • Describe the impact the automobile had on American Society in the 1920's.
  • Explain how the popularity of the automobile shaped industry and the economy in the 1920's

Thursday, December 6, 2018

Month 4 Week 3: The Progressive Era

The Progressive Era

Directions: To help you study for the midterm on our discussion board for this week, we will review key ideas from the study guide for Chapter 9 and from your textbook. You will answer questions 1-5 posted below and post your answers on the discussion board. You may look in your book or research online for information. Please state your answers in your own words. You will learn the material as you research the information, paraphrase the information in an answer and respond to other posts.Enjoy and Learn!

Women Who Fought for the Vote

1. Name several women who were influential in the woman's suffrage movement and state how they helped the movement.


Events that lead to the reform of food and drug production.

  • 1898-1899. Soldiers in the Spanish-American War die from eating badly-preserved meat or “embalmed beef.” Two generals later testify before Congress about the scandal.
  • November 1901. Children in St. Louis and Camden die from tainted vaccines.
  • 1902-1906. A group of twelve volunteers, nicknamed the “poison squad,” agree to eat food laced with common preservatives of the time, such as formaldehyde. The study is administered by Dr. Harvey Wiley, who is considered the father of the Food and Drug Act.
  • February 1906. Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle, an expose of the meatpacking industry.
  • June 30, 1906. President Theodore Roosevelt signs the Pure Food and Drug Act as well as the Meat Inspection Act.
2. How did President Theodore Roosevelt administration help protect citizen's intake of food and drugs and overall health ?

3. What legislation was used by Teddy Roosevelt to file 44 anti-trust suits?

4. What is the term used to describe the progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt?

5. Which area did the progressive reform known as the Square Deal NOT  have as a worthy goal: protection of social welfare, creation of economic reform or promotion of business monopolies?